Medicaid eligibility varies by state and is generally determined by need, eligibility group, and income. Use the map below or jump to your specific state to explore Medicaid programs and qualifications that may apply to you.

You can also learn more about Medicaid as a whole and additional health care resources here.

Medicaid By State

Step 1

Select an eligibility group:

Step 2

Select a qualifying state:

Key

A common acronym that stands for Aid for Aged, Blind, and Disabled used to represent seniors and disabled people.

Eligibility and income and asset guidelines are based on specific circumstances and conditions. Basic eligibility groups include children, parents and caretakers, pregnant adults, eligible adults, and seniors and disabled people.

Federal poverty limit that’s represented as a percentage.

Income limits are based on family size. Available income limits below include single filers, families of 2 (senior couples and pregnant adults), and families of 4.

The maximum amount a family can make monthly for the eligible members to qualify for Medicaid coverage.

Eligibility is based on need and income limits, and each state has the flexibility to customize their Medicaid qualifications, so your best resource for information will always be your state’s website.

Income limits are the most a family can make for an eligible family member to qualify for Medicaid enrollment. So if a family of four in Alabama makes less than the children’s Medicaid income limit of $3,650 a month, the family’s children meet income qualifications.

Coverage also varies among eligible demographics, and some states cover more people than others with increased income limits or Medicaid Expansion.

Check out these top and bottom states by demographic coverage, then explore your state’s Medicaid program details below.

Eligibility GroupHighest CoverageLowest Coverage
ChildrenNew JerseyMassachusetts
Parents and CaretakersDistrict of ColumbiaTexas
Pregnant IndividualsIowaMassachusetts
Independent AdultsDistrict of ColumbiaNon-expanded states (AL, FL, GA, KS, SC, TX, WI, WY)
Seniors and disabled peopleCaliforniaHawaii

 

Medicaid Overview

Medicaid is a state-administered public health insurance program that provides coverage to low-income families, children, pregnant people, seniors, and people living with disabilities.

This program covers over 84.5 million people living in the U.S., but each state program is different. Eligibility and coverage vary between states and can change from year to year, so connect with your local health and human services office to learn more about your state’s health programs.

A doughnut chart compares the 54.1% of individuals that are enrolled in Medicaid vs 45.9% enrolled in CHIP Medicaid.
 

Medicaid qualifications

Medicaid eligibility is determined by financial need based on your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) and financial assets, as well as other conditions, like age or pregnancy. The CMS requires coverage for select groups, including:

  • Low-income families
  • Qualified pregnant people
  • Children
  • Social Security Income (SSI) recipients

MAGI-related eligibility applies to non-aged adults, pregnant people and children, and low-income families. States determine what percentage of the federal poverty limit (FPL)  qualifies for coverage for each eligibility group.

Eligibility for seniors and disabled people is determined by the Social Security income guidelines, but it can also expand. This eligibility group and program is commonly referred to as Aid to the Aged, Blind, and Disabled (AABD) in government and Medicaid guides.

Image defines modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), which is used for income eligibility for most groups excluding seniors and disabled people.
 

Medicaid expansion

The 2010 Affordable Care Act aimed to increase health insurance access for Americans, which included legislation to expand Medicaid as one of three primary goals.

In the 41 states that have expanded Medicaid, adults making less than 138% FPL can qualify for Medicaid on financial status alone (state FPL guidelines may vary), regardless of age, family status, or disability.

Only ten states haven’t adopted Medicaid expansion, meaning adults younger than 65 without a disability, caretaker status, or pregnancy aren’t eligible for Medicaid coverage, regardless of their financial status. States without expansion include:

  • Alabama
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kansas
  • Mississippi
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

 

How to apply for Medicaid

Since Medicaid is managed and administered by state agencies, your state’s website will have specific application forms, eligibility tools and requirements, and processes for application.

Most states accept online applications, or you can mail your application to a specified Health and Human Services location or other Medicaid agency. Applications will ask for:

    • Proof of identity (birth certificate, proof of citizenship)
    • Proof of income (pay stubs, tax returns)
    • Bank statements
    • Assets (property, retirement accounts)
    • Insurance policies (health, life, long-term care)
    • Burial arrangements (funeral contracts, owned burial plots)

Medicaid open enrollment lasts until December 15, 2023, for 2024 coverage. After your application is approved, your benefits will begin on January 1.
 

Medicaid Resources And Alternative Assistance

Most states have health care benefits beyond Medicaid to support low-income families. The first place to look for additional coverage is your local HHS office, which can help you navigate available programs and determine your eligibility.

Check out these resources if you’re looking for more information on Medicaid programs and benefits:

If you don’t qualify for Medicaid or need additional assistance, look into these resources:

 

Life Insurance Living Benefits For Care

Medicaid programs support families that don’t receive employer-sponsored healthcare or can’t afford high private coverage premiums. It’s a great program to close the gap for low-income families, and there are other steps you can take to help manage your health costs.

Some permanent life insurance policies have a tax-deferred savings cash value that policyholders can borrow from while alive. This can be a good alternative to cover Medicaid fees or other services state programs may not cover.

Plus, the value collects interest, and any unused funds can cover your funeral expenses or provide for your estate.